Common wealth is the essential requirement of socialism. It is an important feature of Chinese style modernization. It is not only an economic problem, but also a major political issue of relations party.
Achieving common prosperity is the mission of the Chinese Communist Party. It is a common expectation of the broad masses of the people. We must consciously take the initiative to narrow the region, urban and rural and income gaps, providing a more quality and balanced public service to achieve high quality development and high quality life.
Scientific grasp the basic connotation and vision of the common prosperity and the common prosperity are all people through hard work and mutual help, and generally reach rich rich and rich, spiritual self-confidence, environmental shoulder, social harmony, public service popularity, people Comprehensive development and social progress, sharing the reform and development results and a happy life.
Grasping the connotation of common prosperity must start from Marx’s historical materialism and socialism with Chinese characteristics. "Wealthy" is the purpose, representing the advanced productivity of socialism, reflecting efficiency, and focusing on the development of unsuccessful development, the purpose is to achieve the maximization of social wealth "cake" through high quality development.
"Common" is the way, embodying the advanced production relationship between socialism, highlighting fairness, focusing on regional, urban and rural, income gap, is equitable to fair and fairly divide social wealth "cake", and constantly resolve development imbalance.
Therefore, "Common Wealthy" is an organic combination of socialist advanced productivity and advanced production relationship. It is an important feature of superiority of socialist institutions. It is an important feature of Chinese style modernization, with distinctive characteristics and Chinese characteristics. During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, my country will take an important pace in the common prosperity field. By 2035, my country will have achieved more obvious substantive progress in the common prosperity field, and the economic development is more high quality, and residents have more high quality. Development is more balanced, urban and rural development is more coordinated, and the income distribution pattern is more reasonable, and the public service is more quality and balanced. Properly dealing with the relationship between a number of major relationships that promote common prosperity.
Promote common prosperity to pay attention to efficiency, play the decisive role of market configuration resources, improve the full factor productivity through effective market, promote high quality development, and lay a solid substance foundation for achieving common prosperity.
At the same time, we must pay attention to fairness and play a guiding role of the government, establish a scientific public policy system, and form a reasonable allocation pattern of everyone. Handling the relationship between development and sharing. High quality development is the cornerstone of common prosperity, achieving common prosperity needs national participation, and all people build, and finally realize the sharing of all people.
Adhere to the development of the people’s livelihood, to improve the degree of education in education, enhance the development capacity, create more preferential conditions, smooth flow channel, create a chance to create a rich opportunity, to form everyone’s participation, people share the development surroundings. Handling the relationship between the first rich and the rich. Promote a common prosperity to allow some people to be rich, focus on encouraging hard work, legal operation, daring to start a business, and constantly improve the richest riches, the mechanism of helping and Hindu, in-depth implementation of the East and West collaboration and counterpart support, continue Promote intellectual support, industrial support, people’s livelihood improvement, cultural education support, and strengthen the benefits of land support, vigorously promote industrial cooperation, consumer help and labor cooperation, explore all interest sharing models such as co-construction parks, flying economies. Handling the current and long-term relationship. Perseverance, the long-term, arduous, complexity of common prosperity, but also to follow the law, actively, and can not get from the actual, to the ground, long time, in the process of realization, step-by-step Realize common prosperity, encourage all local conditions to explore effective paths, summarize experience, gradually push, enabling common prosperity and economic development phase, coordinated with modern construction processes, continuously forming the stage of promoting common prosperity, landmark results. Solidly promoting common prosperity achieved more obvious substantive progress to achieve more and more quality employment as a starting hand, focusing on income in residents. Adhere to the economic development employment orientation, improve the key group employment support system such as college graduates, migrant workers, and establish a promotion of entrepreneurship, multi-channel flexible employment mechanism, support and standardize new employment form, improve employment public service system, and focus on structural Employment contradictions. Improve the proportion of labor remuneration in the initial distribution, improve the rational growth and payment guarantee mechanism, and improve the policy system, increase the property of urban and rural residents, and improve the proportion of farmers’ land value-added benefits.
To implement innovation-driven strategy as the starting point, strive to improve the quality of economic development entities. The technological self-reliance as a strategic support for national development, in-depth implementation of innovation-driven development strategy, improve national innovation system, accelerate the establishment of modern industrial system, and constantly improve the economy, the overall strength and international competitiveness of science and technology, to seize the opportunities in the digital transformation, unswervingly improve the quality and efficiency of the real economy.
Unswervingly consolidate and develop the public economy, and unswervingly encourage, support and guide non-public economic development, and constantly get rid of structural and institutional obstacles restricting the development of high-quality, continuing to enhance the development of power and vitality. To implement a coordinated regional development strategy as the starting point, efforts to reduce regional disparities.
Based on the comparative advantages of each region, according to local conditions to promote the development of high-quality, high level of balance in high-quality development.
Development of the Western form a new pattern, the implementation of a number of major ecological projects, strengthen the construction of a major thoroughfare open. Promote the revitalization of northeast achieve new breakthroughs, enhance the interests of national defense, food, ecology, energy, industrial security capabilities, develop the private economy. And create a new situation in the rise of the central region, advanced manufacturing bigger and stronger, and actively undertake new industrial layout and metastasis.
Promote the eastern region to lead the development of high-quality, accelerate the development of world-class advanced manufacturing clusters, the first to establish a comprehensive and open economies, to support the development and construction of high-quality common prosperity Zhejiang demonstration area.
Helping to improve after the first money to help the rich, adhere to the eastern and western counterpart support and cooperation, deepen cooperation in Northeast and East counterparts, perfect for old revolutionary base areas, border areas, areas ecological degradation, resource-based region and other old industrial bases accurate support policy to better promote common development developed areas and less developed regions. Urban-rural integration as the starting point, focus on narrowing the gap between urban and rural areas.
Coordinate development of new urbanization and rural revitalization strategy, and gradually break the urban-rural dual structure, promote resource elements of urban and rural two-way conduction and equal exchange, improve agricultural work to the public mechanism, establishment of urban talent, industrial and commercial capital, scientific and technological achievements into the township incentives, reform improve the rural land contracting system. Promoting urban public services extended to rural, urban and rural areas to enhance the level of equalization of basic public services, urban and rural infrastructure planning and construction of a unified management and protection. In order to strengthen the middle-income population size as the starting point, focus on narrowing the income gap. Implementation of action plans to expand the middle-income groups to universities and vocational college graduates, skilled workers, migrant workers as the key to improve the matching of graduate employment and labor participation rates, raise the level of skilled personnel benefits and social status, implementation farmers cultivate high-quality programs, and improve small and micro entrepreneurs support policies. Fulfill the functions of government regulation redistribution, increase the tax, social security, and other transfer payments adjust the intensity and precision, regulate excessively high incomes and ban illegal income. Third distribution role played by charities and other social welfare undertakings, mobilize the whole society to the poor and the weak, and promote social harmony.
Do reveal all the details of social assistance, improve and enhance the level of social security, improve security standards reveal all the details dynamic adjustment mechanism, enhance security benefits and fairness of the availability of social services.
Equal to the quality of public services as the starting point, efforts to improve governance and build common share level. Promote education, health care, pension, child-care and other basic public services more equal Pratt & Whitney and can steadily improve security standards and service levels. Adapt to new trends in urban population, the promotion of quality education resources balanced layout, speed up the expansion of urban schools by bit, to improve remote and rural school teachers and school conditions. We attach great importance to the less developed regions of vocational education, to training skilled labor. With an aging population areas focus on accelerating the construction of the medical support and facilities for the elderly, and gradually improve the basic pension for urban and rural residents. In the first implementation of rural underdeveloped areas of preschool children nutrition improvement program, improve the rural left-behind children care service system. Helping people with disabilities improve the system, improve development capacity to protect people with disabilities. Promote fiscal spending less developed regions give priority to basic public services make up the short board. Increase the central and provincial government on the less developed areas of grass-roots government to provide basic public services, financial support, and gradually narrow the differences in per capita expenditure among the resident population of the region. (This article Source: Economic Daily Author: Wang Changlin Jia Ruoxiang were president of the Chinese Academy of Macroeconomic Research and researchers).